"Purkinje Cell of the Cerebellum"
Oil on Canvas,
24" x 48"
100% original, 100% hand panted
COPYRIGHT©Marta Sytniewski 2011.
The “Purkinje cell of the Cerebellum” painting, by Marta Sytniewski, vividly illustrates
all major components of the principal cerebellar neuron called the Purkinje Cell.
In the distance, we notice a long and thin axon receding from the viewer. The axon
projects a pat of the cerebellar mossy fiber called the Cerebellar Noradrenergic
Afferents (Beitz & Anderson, 2000). As the axon approaches the cell body, we notice
the myelin sheath as thin and nearly transparent coating around the axon. A large,
Purkinje cells are the only efferent neurons of the cerebellar cortex and they have a GABA inhibitory effect. They are the second largest neurons in the central nervous system. Purkinje cells feature very large dendritic branches that resemble tree branches. These neurons receive a wide variety of inputs from its numerous parallel fibers that extend deep toward the molecular layer of the cerebellum. The settle variations in tone and color in the background of this painting simulate gradual movement. This is to illustrate the graded, continuous, high frequency activity of the Purkinje Cell.
By applying texture, sculpting the textural effects, modifying paint density and
thickness and through targeted use of light and color, the Purkinje Cell painting
became perceptually three-
Although the “flash” of the camera may lighten and conceal certain colors, the properties of light add to the magnificence and fascination of this painting in its material form. This Purkinje Cell will appear different and anew with each sunrise and sunset, with artificial light and at night. the sculptural quality of the painting will create its own shadows that will project in various positions and quality according to the angle and intensity of light that hits the canvas.
The Anatomical Model:
I wanted to create a three dimensional model of the Purkinje neuron, therefore I
constructed a sculptural model to use as reference for my painting. This provided
me with a realistic 360 degree spread of the neuron’s dendritic tree. In addition
to this, I wanted to project not only the depth of the dendritic tree, but also the
depth and distance of this cell in space, as it relates to the viewer. I tilted the
angle of the model from a typical side view, to a foreshortened 45 degree rotation
on its axis. In the painting, the Purkinje cell’s dendrites are slightly faced toward
the viewer and the axon is faced slightly away from the viewer. In this perspective,
the dendrites and the axon have a different distance in space in this painting. I
constructed this model by using clay, wire, branches and toothpicks. I sprayed the
sculpture with diluted acrylic paint to make the color of the model more uniform.
After the model was dried, I placed it on a glass, for a clear view, and I sketched
in charcoal the main shapes of the stunning dendritic branches, the oval soma and
the long, near-
+ Beitz, A.J. & Anderson, J. H. (2000) Neurochemistry of the Vestibular System. CRC Press, Baco Raton, FL.
+ Bell, C.C., Cordo, P.J., Harnad, S.R., ed (1997). Motor Learning and Synaptic Plasticity in the Cerebellum. Cambridge University Press.
+ Schuenke, M., Schulte, E., Schumacher, U., Ross, L. (2010) Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: Head and Neuroanatomy. Thieme Publishers: NY.
This painting features informative, educational and socially constructive content that identifies Marta Sytniewski’s independent Significant Art Theory
Marta Sytniewski's oil paintings are 100% hand painted, they are not computerized and they are not printed. M. Sytniewski’s paintings are authentic 100% artist labor oil paintings.
No reproductions, no limited editions and no copies have been made of this Beautiful 100% ORIGINAL Marta Sytniewski oil painting.
The technical difficulty, advanced skill level, complex detail, intelligent composition,
continuous painting production and education (Trained in art privately, independently
and academically since early childhood. Completed B.A. Psychology with highest honors,
pursuing M.A. Studio Art), talent of Marta Sytniewski and her work, and scarcity
of similar art, combine to valuate Marta Sytniewski's oil paintings as especially
lucrative assets with positive and fast-
Marta Sytniewski paintings, her Significant Art Theory and her signature are protected by International and Federal Copyright and by Trademark Laws. COPYRIGHT © M.SYTNIEWSKI, 2011. All rights reserved.
Once a painting is purchased, it is gone permanently and no longer available for sale because it belongs to someone else. No investor contact information will be issued.